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Up | First aid kit | Blood pressure | Temperature pulse | CPR | Abrasions | Bleeding nosebleed | Burns | Dog bite | Fractures Dislocations | Poisonings | Snake bite | Bee sting | Chocking | Fainting | Electric shock | Convulsions | Heat stroke frost bite | Splints | Practical First aid

 

Dog bites     

                                      

 

 

                                                  

 

         Dog bite/ Scratches/Licks                            Wash with soap & water x 10 minutes.      

  

                                                                     

                                                   

 

     Apply weak iodine/ povidone iodine                                           Do not bandage

                                                                                             

 

 High risk bites

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Bites by suspected rabid dogs

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Un washed wounds

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Deep wounds

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Multiple wounds

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Wounds at head, neck regions

 

 Classification of dog bites

 

 Class-1 

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Licks

 

 Class-2

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Scratches on non dangerous parts less than 5 in number

 

 Class-3

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More than 5 bites on  non dangerous parts

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Or any number of bites on dangerous parts

 

 

 History taking

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Dog pet or stray.

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If pet, immunized or not.

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Bite provoked or unprovoked.

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How many people bitten.

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Wound attended immediately or not.

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If attended what treatment done.

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Immunization status of tetanus.

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Past history of bite & injections taken if any

 

 

  Treatment

 

 Local

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Wash the wound gently with soap and running water for 10 minutes.

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Remove dirt, foreign bodies thoroughly.

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Apply pressure with a clean towel to the injured part to stop the bleeding.

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Keep the injury elevated above the level of the heart to slow swelling and prevent infection.

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Apply weak iodine, povidone iodine.

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Do not apply bandage.

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If necessary, call your doctor, and report the incident to the proper authority in your community (for example, animal control office or police).

 

 

 Give pain killers

 

 Injections used

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Tetanus toxoid.

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Anti tetanus immunoglobulin.

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Anti rabies injection.

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Anti rabies immunoglobulin-class 3.

 

Who will need a rabies shot?

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If a dog or cat that bit you appeared to be healthy at the time of the bite, it's still likely that the animal had rabies. Therefore, it's a good idea to take some precautions if you're bitten by a dog or cat.

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If you know the owner of the dog or cat that bit you, ask for the pet's vaccination record (record of shots). An animal that appears healthy and has been vaccinated should still be quarantined (kept away from people and other animals) for 10 days to make sure it doesn't start showing signs of rabies. If the animal gets sick during the 10-day period, a veterinarian will test it for rabies. If the animal does have rabies, you will need to get a series of rabies shots .

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If the animal is a stray, or you can't find the owner of the dog or cat that bit you, call the animal control agency or health department in your area. They will try to find the animal so it can be tested for rabies.

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If the animal control agency or health department can't find the animal that bit you, if the animal shows signs of rabies after the bite, or if a test shows that the animal has rabies, your doctor will probably want you to get a series of rabies shots (also called post exposure prophylaxis). You need to get the first shot as soon as possible after the bite occurs. After you receive the first shot, your doctor will give you 5 more shots over a 28-day period.

 

 

 Prevention of rabies due to dog bites.
 Here are some things you can do to prevent bites:

 

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Never leave a young child alone with a pet.

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Do not try to separate fighting animals.

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Avoid sick animals and animals that you don't know.

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Leave animals alone while they're eating.

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Keep pets on a leash when in public.

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Select your family pet carefully, and be sure to keep your pet's vaccinations (shots) up-to-date
 

 

 

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